Volume 2

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Digital Content in E-Government of Iran 2025

Mahdi Faghihi

Department ofa public administration, Islamic Azad University- Sciences and Researches Branch, Tehran-Iran


Gholamreza Memarzadeh

Department of public administration, Islamic Azad University- Sciences and Researches Branch, Tehran-Iran

Abstract – Digital content industry is one of the most important development areas of E-Government. Despite of all capabilities, Iran’s Digital content industry didn’t accomplish its potentials and form a few portion of universal industry. This Study’s objective is to identify and prioritize Iran Digital content industry development policies and solutions. Exploring literature and deep interview with experts identified and classified domesticated Digital Content Industry development solutions. Based on research community’s opinions extracted Criteria were prioritized, it included 33 experts in Digital Content Industry. Using interview and questionnaire data collection was accomplished. Collected data were evaluated by SPSS Friedman test function. According to accomplished surveys among different solutions establishing a unique authority in digital content arena amongst strategic criteria, respecting copy write and intellectual properties rights amongst policy criteria and reviewing Digital content field courses amongst infrastructural criteria have the highest priority.

Keywords—Prioritizing, Digital Content Industry, Iran, Policy Making


A Case Study of Sarmayeh Bank for the Integration and Concentrated Control of Authentication Process

Mahdi Shabani

Department of Computer Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, mahdi.shabani@yahoo.com

Seyyed Mohsen Hashemi

Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

Abstract – Nowadays, with increasing the influence of information technology in organizations have an appropriate infrastructure and well-defined in organization, is fundamentally necessary for the purpose of integration of key processes like single sign-on authentication (SSO) and unitize the organization’s information assets. Availability such infrastructure maintains appropriate level of integrity and independence of logical systems interaction, meanwhile will prevent of forming island systems in the enterprise architecture and reduce the costs and risks and causes of centralized access control. However, implementing of single sign-on in enterprises is one of the most complicated forms of integration in organizations as a result of they include integrative several system and heterogeneous approach sometimes also has been deployed on multiple platforms and is managed heterogeneous access schemes. In this paper we explain the requirements and challenges of single sign-on implementation mechanisms also pay attention to the technologies of the applications for the Iranian organizations, especially banks and financial institutions and credit, has been presented a methodology and tool for integration and Central Control authentication process in enterprise systems with using LDAP and CAS server. The proposed method has been implemented and operated in headquarters and 150 branches of Sarmayeh Bank of Iran for over 15 applications and 1600 users of the whole country. The achievements and challenges which organizations are facing in the movement toward integration a long with used strategies to overcome these obstacles in Sarmayeh Bank is presented in the results section.

Keywords—Integration, Single Sign On (SSO), Light Weight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Central Authentication Service (CAS), Certificate Authority (CA), Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)


The Quality of Charge and Refund of Recording Payment of Guarantees and the way of Nullification of Them

Amin Kelishadi

Department of Law, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran


Abstract- Bank guarantees are one of the indefinite contracts and subject to the Article 10 of Civil Code. Bank guarantee is essentially a document and business practice and it has various types based on the variety of obligations which ordered person has for beneficiary. The common face of all of the bank guarantees is to be issued for assurance and trust of beneficiary. Because the businessmen need to more assurance in return their capital risk in business and commercial practice and this led to the creation of such guarantees. This institution has put into existence according society need. The nature analysis of bank guarantees expresses that this new institution is not fully fit in existing legal institutions. Although some of the characteristics of these guarantees compliance with specific existing formats, however, it’s characteristics and terms cause that could not assume a suitable place for it in any of these formats. The effects and consequences rise from the contractual relations of parties. The quality of charge and refund of recording payment of guarantees and the way of nullification of them is also rise from these relations.

Keywords—Guarantee, Banking, Nullification, Refund, Recording

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